2017 revisions have been completed. Changes have been made to all 70 modules.

Changes involve the streamlining some discussions, making formatting more consistent, enlarging all of the illustrations to accommodate cellphone sized screens, and incorporating the latest advances in the field.

The revised modules have a 2017 date in the upper, right-hand corner of the pages.

Even though basic revisions have been completed, additional changes are always being made.

In most cases these revisions will not affect the interactive tests. However, since revisions are ongoing and test questions occasionally get out of sync with module revisions, instructors are advised to check questions they plan to use against the corresponding modules.

Server Consolidation

We recently moved all our domains to a single server. (Previously up to five servers were being used.)

  •, and
are all directed to one server location -- a service that has proven to be quite reliable for the past 12 years.

Pop-Up Information (▲or ¥  )

Text proceeded by one of the symbols above can be moused over for elaboration.

In at least one browser you need to click on allow blocked content when the page first loads to see the popups.

Some pop-ups will also have an image, such as this ▲one or this  ¥  this one.  Key terms are still in red.

If you find that some of the interactive features on this site don't work, you may not have  Java enabled.

division markerFor basic background information click on Frequently-Asked Questions.

division markerA summary of the basic information on the course is available here.

 Answer Tips

To bring up the definition of a term that your cursor is on, simply double click it.  A separate window should pop up with numerous options, including how to pronounce the word.
An Internet connection is required  and this feature may not work with some computer systems.

Mobile Device Issues

Computers without a mouse such as iPads can't use the click and drag feature required for the quick quizzes.

Some smartphones have problems with the JavaScript features -- primarily the pop-up information and AnswerTips.

At the same time, all of the features in these modules should work with standard desktop browsers as long as Java is not turned off.

NOTES: Although information on this site is checked for accuracy.  However, with updates errors are occasionally introduced.  If an error is brought to our attention we will quickly fix it. Just let us know.

cybercollege forumIn addition to the Forum, which covers numerous media topics, there is also the author's blog with personal observations.

The instructor information has been expanded and includes "Teaching Tips and Talking Points" for each  module.

Access to the supplementary tests and instructor assistance is available to qualified instructors by writing the author using your school's email address.

The Quick Quizzes

The interactive Quick Quizzes require Java.  When you click on Quick Quiz at the bottom of the modules you should see two rows of blocks.

Within the time limit given you can drag the blocks on the right to the matching phrases on the left. When you finish your final score is automatically shown.

These and some of the other interactive features on this site will not work on some mobile devices.

Additional Supplementary Readings

There are links within some modules for additional reading. Among the specialized sections that have recently been added.

 Links to these articles can be found in the General Readings and Materials and Associated Readings sub-indexes.

>>>For those of you who asked about recommended video assignments, they are available here.


Color-Coding Scheme

Although many people go through these modules on an individual basis—government employees, TV crew members, military personnel, etc.— a great many users are in classrooms.

To try to accommodate a greater range of needs, we've devised a color code for links.

The required reading links are marked with a green square ( -- ) These are covered in the interactive tests and puzzles.

A yellow square ( -- ) in front of link  indicates background reading. This material is not included on the interactive tests, although it may help in understanding the concepts covered.

A blue square in front of a link ( - ) indicates technical information. This type of information is designed for advanced classes and professionals; and, again, this may or may not be required by an instructor.

A red square is reserved for ( - ) external links that have related information. This information is not included on the interactive tests. CyberCollege and the InternetCampus have no control over the content or availability of these external links and their content may change without notice..

Links that are not marked with a colored square should be self-explanatory.

In summary:

-- = A basic understanding of the module.

-- -- = A more advanced understanding and background.

-- -- - = Advanced students; professionals.

-- -- - - = Includes external resources for additional information.

And, finally, phrases marked with this symbol ( ▲or ¥  ) can be moused over for more information.

Basic information on the use of these cybercourses can be found here and here.

This whole project is considered a collaborative effort and it has come a long way since the first rough draft was posted  20 years ago.

The text materials and illustrations continue to be updated on a regular basis as new information is published in trades, newspapers, and on the Internet.

The date at the top-right of each module indicates when the material was last updated.

This is a non-commercial site and we do not accept advertising. We aren't in the business of selling anything.

* Some may think that the USA Today style of paragraphing which we've adopted is a bit much. However, with apologies to English teachers, it's been shown that on the Internet breaking sections into more paragraphs is easier to read.

CyberCollege® and InternetCampus® are U.S. registered trademarks.