Glossary of Film and Electronic Media Terms

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walk-through A rough rehearsal in which no cameras are used. Generally the actors walk from place to place and check their actions without speaking any dialogue.

wardrobe person Individual responsible for selecting and supplying clothes and accessories for talent.

warm A color picture that contains a noticeable amount of red or yellow.

watt A unit of electrical power equal to the voltage times the amperage.

waveform monitor A type of oscilloscope or CRT that displays the amplitude of a video signal and its sync.

wedge mount Mounting device enabling cameras to be rapidly mounted and dismounted from cameras pedestals or tripods.

whip-pan Swish pan. A very rapid camera panning action where subject matter is deliberately blurred. An early in-camera special effect used to link shots or sequences.

white balancing Electronically adjusting a camera's chroma channels for a light source so that white will be reproduced as true white. Most cameras can automatically white balance when the operator fills the screen with a white card and pushes a white balance button.

wide angle A lens or a scene that represents an angle of view significantly wider than normal. A wide-angle lens or shot is either a prime lens with a focal length significantly less (at least 25 percent less) than a normal lens, or a zoom lens used at a focal length significantly less than normal.

wide-angle converter Lens attachment that gives a wider angle of view by decreasing the lens's focal length.

wild sound; wild track Sound, generally background sound, recorded independently of the video and added during postproduction. Does not need to be synchronized with the video.

window burn; window dub . An off-line copy of an original videotape that contains a permanent display of the SMPTE/EBU time code in the video.

windscreen A small fabric or foam rubber cover for the top of a microphone that reduces or eliminates the sound of moving air or wind.

wipe Visual effect where a moving line or pattern acts as a border as one video signal gradually replaces another. As one picture disappears another is revealed.

wireless microphone A microphone that has a built-in, low-power transmitter, or that is connected to a transmitter. Wireless mikes are commonly used when a mike cord would create a problem.

wireframe Used in electronic graphics to form a "skeleton" of an object which is later electronically "fleshed out" (rendered) into a realistic image.

woofer Large speaker, effective in reproducing bass.

working master  A final edited master tape which is kept in pristine condition after making copies.  These copies are then used for subsequent copies.

work print A copy of the original footage in a production. Used in off-line editing.

WORM (write once read many [times]) A videodisc system that permanently writes information onto a disk.

wowing The audible, undesirable result of starting a record before the turntable has reached full speed.

writer In television and film the individual responsible for writing the production script.

WS Script designation for wide shot.

WYSIWYG An acronym (pronounced "wizzywig") for what-you-see-is-what-you-get. Refers to a computer screen representation of text or graphics being the same as the subsequent hardcopy printout.


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