Glossary of Film and Electronic Media Terms

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EBR (electron beam recording) A videotape-to-film transfer process in which the three primary colors of a color picture are electronically scanned onto a color (or onto three black and white) films.

EC camera (Electronic Cinematography camera) A high-quality video camera designed to closely resemble a film camera, both in operation and technical quality.

ECU (extreme close-up) Generally, a head shot.

Ed-Beta (extended definition betamax) A high-quality consumer/professional videocassette format developed by Sony.

edit controller The master control panel and associated electronics that control the VTR's etc., during the editing process.

edit recorder The destination VTR that records the source tapes onto the edited master during the editing session.

edit The recording of one or more videotaped sources onto a second tape. Also, any point on a videotape where the audio or video content has been modified through editing.

edit decision list / EDL A written list or computer file containing all of the in and out points and total times of selected video segments intended as a reference for a final edit.

edited master The final tape created during the editing process.

editing block A metal editing device which holds two pieces of audio tape in place for cutting and splicing.

editing pace The number of edits per unit of time.

editing The process of arranging in a predetermined sequence various segments from one or more master tapes.

editing workstation A complete computer-controlled, desktop system used to edit audio and/or video productions.

editor The term refers both to the individual responsible for editing and a device by which videotape editing is done.

editorial assistant A videotape editor's assistant.

EDL (edit decision list) A handwritten listing or computer printout of time-code numbers associated with selected scenes.

effects bank A row of buttons on a switcher that can be used for fades, wipes or special effects.

effects monitor A video monitor where video effects are set up and checked before use.

EFP (electronic field production) The use of portable video equipment for taping on location.

EGA (enhanced graphics adapter) A relatively high-resolution computer color graphics adapter for PCs.

EIA (Electronic Industries Association) An organization that determines audio and video standards.

electret mike A microphone that uses a condenser-type sound sensing element.

electronic beam recording A technique for converting television images to film using direct stimulation of film emulsion by an electron beam.

EC camera (electronic cinematography camera) A high quality video camera, often resembling a film camera in basic features, which is associated with single-camera video production.

electronic cinematography Videography. Using video cameras to do production, especially single-camera production.

electronic clapper An electronic slate. A device shown at the beginning of a production or shot providing such information as production title, director, air date, etc.

electronic graphics Titles, credits, drawings, etc., produced electronically.

electronic palette Peripheral device used to input commands into a computer. An electronic pencil is commonly used with the palette to draw shapes and select drawing and paint functions.

electronic pencil Pencil-like, hand-to-computer device used to input commands and make drawings. Commonly used with an electronic palette.

ESS (electronic still store) An electronic device that can capture a full frame of video and store it in digital form.

ETP (electronic test pattern) An electronically-generated pattern used for setting up video systems. Includes, among other things, the primary and secondary colors.

electronic viewfinder A small picture tube (CRT) or liquid crystal display (LCD) built into a video camera enabling the operator to see what the camera is photographing.

electrostatic microphone A type of microphone that uses a sound-sensing element similar in principle to that of a condenser microphone.

ellipsoidal spotlight A spotlight producing a focused, sharply-defined beam of light.

ELS Script designation for extreme long shot.

encoder / encoding  Device or process by which a signals are compressed or combined, generally as a way of sending them to a receiver or another device.

endoscopic television Obtaining television images inside a living body, generally by inserting fiber optic probes.

ENG coordinator The individual under the assignment editor and news producer responsible for integrating the resources of the technical and news personnel in a TV news room.

ENG (electronic news gathering) The use of portable cameras and videotape machines or microwave links to cover on-location television news stories.

enhancer; image enhancer An electronic circuit that sharpens the detail of a video image.

equalization A signal-modifying technique that selectively increases or decreases the amplitude of specific frequencies

erase Electronically wiping clean or degaussing a video or audio tape.

erase head A degaussing magnetic field used in a video or audio recorder to eliminate previously recorded material on the tape.

error correction Digital method of checking if digital data was transmitted or recorded correctly.  If an error is found, the data is resent.

essential area See safe action area safe title area.

establishing shot A wide shot meant to orient the audience to an overall locale and the relationship between scene elements.

ETP (electronic test pattern) A test pattern generated within electronic circuitry used for aligning equipment.

event video The videotaping of special events, such as a weddings, graduations, etc.

exceptional quality An element of newsworthiness which distinguishes a story or plot from the commonplace and captures and holds viewer attention.

executive producer The individual primarily in charge of the financial aspects of a production and who may also make major creative decisions.

existing light The normal, prevailing light at a location.

expander An audio device that increases the dynamic range of an audio signal.

EXT Script designation for exterior. Exterior and interior (INT) designations are used to describe scenes in film-style scripts.

exteriors Shots in an outside location.

external key As opposed to an internal key, a key which depends on three video sources: background video, a video source to determine the shape of the area to be keyed out of the background video, and a video source to be placed in the keyed out area.

external sync As opposed to internal sync, video synchronizing pulses from an external source, such as a sync generator. Used to synchronize multiple pieces of equipment.

extra An actor who plays a minor role in a production often just seen in the background.

eye light A small light used in close-ups to illuminate the upper facial area.

eyeline The direction an actor is looking. To maintain continuity during the intercutting of single-camera, film-style scenes, shots of people talking to each other need to have consistent eyelines.


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